Recent Posts

The Rural Student

The Rural Student In Rural School.

Sports or education

Education Learning Outcomes in Sports Games via TLM.

Rural sports

Many children enjoy playing in rural sports.

Rural Student

Discipline of rural children.

The Rural Teachers

Teachers, guardians and children

Monday, March 30, 2020

The Education System in India

The Education System in India

Indian education system-
         With over 13,00,000+ schools and over 315 million enrollments in the Indian education system, India has the largest education system in the world. Due to educational reforms since the 80s, pre-school and primary schools have been made available to all children in India.
rural-education-india

        According to the Right to Education Act 2009, schooling is free and compulsory for all children in the age group of 6 to 14 years. Most schools in India pay attention to academics and pay less attention to extra-curricular activities. The Indian education system follows a 10 + 2 + 3 pattern.

Essay on Indian education system-


      Education is not compulsory at this level, but it is very popular in urban and semi-urban areas. Youth Montessori schools or sports schools have been opened for children up to the age of 3 years. The preschool system has been further divided into playschools and kindergartens.

primary school-

      Primary education is compulsory for all children in India. One to fifth-grade children in the age group of 6 to 14 years is in the primary education system of India.

The pre-secondary school-(Middle school)-


     11 to 14-year-olds are placed under the middle school, who fall between sixth to eighth grade.

Secondary school-

     Secondary schools are designed for children in the age group of 16 to 17, from ninth to tenth grade.

Higher Secondary School-

    It is also popular in India under the name 10 + 2. In this, students choose their specific field of study (science, commerce, arts). Students at this level typically belong to the age group of 16 and 18 years.

Apex body- (Supreme organization)-


      The NCERT or National Council of Educational Research and Training is the main body for all courses. The curriculum bodies, that govern the school education system are.
rural-education-india

Central Board of Secondary Education-(CBSE)-

     There are currently 20,262+ schools under CBSE. CBSE is recognized by the Government of India and all universities and colleges in India. All Kendriya Vidyalayas or Kendriya Vidyalayas are affiliated to CBSE.

Council for School Certificate Examinations of India-(CISCE)-

       The private, board of education in India. Conducts ICSE exams for class X and SSC exams for class 12. About 1,900 schools belong to the CISCE Board.


State government board-

     All states have their educational boards, which are regulated and supervised by the state governments. Many Indian schools belong to various state boards, the oldest UP board was established in 1922. Some of the other popular state boards are Maharashtra State Board, West Bengal State Board, Madhya Pradesh, and Andhra Pradesh.

National Open Schooling Institute-(NIOS)-

      Established by the Ministry of Human Resource Development, it is a board for distance education. It provides, affordable but quality education, in rural areas. There are currently 3,827 educational centers, 1,830 vocational centers, and 690 accredited agencies under NIOS.

Higher education in India-

     After completing class 12 or higher secondary examinations, students are admitted to various colleges and institutes to obtain a bachelor's degree. He has the option of choosing the main subject of his choice, in which he can choose subjects like Science, Arts or Commerce or Engineering, Law or Medicine.

      The main institution of higher education in India is UGC or the University Grants Commission. As of 2011-12, there were 152, Central Universities, 191, Private Universities and 316, State Universities.
     This medicine is on science and technology, so there are many technical institutes in India which have admission through general entrance examinations.
mid-day-meal


Technical education in India-

      Technical education in India is regulated by AICTE, which was enacted in 1987 through an Act of Parliament. The main institutes providing the world's technical services in the field of technology in India are Indian Institute of Technology, Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology, National Institute of Technology and Indian Institute of Information Technology, Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Petroleum Technology.

Distance education in India-

      Indira Gandhi National Open University or IGNOU coordinates distance education at the higher education level. The District Education Council (DEC), an official of IGNOU, is coordinating correspondence courses at 13 state open universities and traditional universities of 119 institutes. 


Friday, March 27, 2020

Quality of education in rural - ग्रामीण भारत में शिक्षा

Quality of education in rural schools

         भारत में  एक समय  के दौरान एक अद्भुत परिवर्तन हुआ है। ग्रामीण भारत में युवा और महिलाएं अपने माता-पिता के शिक्षा के स्तर से बहुत आगे हैं। दो पीढ़ियों पहले, दूरदराज के गांवों में लोग बड़े पैमाने पर विस्थापित हो गए थे: दूरदराज के क्षेत्रों में शायद ही कोई स्कूल थे। और गांव के निवासियों के बीच कम शैक्षिक स्तर ढूंढना अभी भी आम है जो 40 वर्ष और उससे अधिक उम्र के हैं। लेकिन सैकड़ों की संख्या में स्कूलों में घूमने वाले गाँव के बच्चों की नई सच्चाई के आगे एक ऊबड़-खाबड़ लेकिन अनपढ़ किसान की सुबह-सुबह की तस्वीर एक हलका फव्वारा है। 2001 के अंत तक, सभी ग्रामीण 18-वर्षीय बच्चों का केवल 25% स्कूल में भाग ले रहे थे, बाकी पहले से बाहर हो गए थे। 2016 तक, स्कूलों और कॉलेजों में 18-वर्षीय बच्चों की हिस्सेदारी 70% हो गई थी। ग्रामीण भारत में शिक्षा का चलन तेजी से बढ़ रहा हैं। 

rural-schools

   16 जनवरी को जारी एसर सेंटर की नवीनतम वार्षिक रिपोर्ट इन परिणामों को प्रस्तुत करती है। 14-18 आयु वर्ग के 30,000 से अधिक युवाओं के एक अभिनव सर्वेक्षण से व्युत्पन्न, जो भारत में 24 राज्यों के 1,641 गांवों में आयोजित किया गया था, यह सर्वेक्षण महत्वपूर्ण है क्योंकि 125 मिलियन से अधिक व्यक्ति इस आयु वर्ग में हैं, जिनमें से दो-तिहाई से अधिक, लगभग 85 मिलियन ग्रामीण भारत में रहते हैं, एक आबादी जर्मनी या UK का आकार वे हैं जिन पर उनके परिवारों की उम्मीदें निहित हैं, राष्ट्र का भविष्य।

तथ्य यह है कि इस आयु वर्ग के व्यक्तियों की बड़ी और बड़ी संख्या शैक्षिक प्रणाली में बने रहने का विकल्प चुन रही है, इसलिए हार्दिक खुश हैं। अन्य आशावादी निष्कर्ष हैं। ग्रामीण क्षेत्रों में लड़कियों ने लड़कों के साथ अंतर को बंद कर दिया है: 14 साल की उम्र में, 94% लड़कियों और 95% लड़कों को स्कूल में नामांकित किया जाता है; 18 वर्ष की आयु तक, 68% लड़कियां और 72% लड़के अभी भी स्कूल में हैं, पहले की पीढ़ी के अनुपात में एक थोक सुधार।



      यही कहानी का अच्छा पक्ष है। यह बहुत स्वागत योग्य है। आधुनिक आर्थिक विकास में अल्पविकसित कौशल और कम शिक्षा के स्तर वाले लोगों के लिए बहुत कम जगह है। असेंबली-लाइन उत्पादन की उम्र ने नई तकनीकों को जटिल प्रक्रियाओं के साथ एक बेहतर प्रशिक्षित कार्यबल की आवश्यकता होती है। और जहां चीजें इतनी अच्छी नहीं लगती हैं।

Quality of education in rural schools-

       ग्रामीण स्कूलों में शिक्षा की गुणवत्ता औसतन निराशाजनक है। एसेर टीमों द्वारा सर्वेक्षण में 14-18 साल के बच्चों में, केवल 43% ही चतुर्थ श्रेणी की गणित की समस्या को हल कर सके। यह अनुपात लगभग 14-वर्ष के बच्चों के बीच लगभग 18-वर्ष के बच्चों के समान था, यह दर्शाता है कि कम सीखने के परिणामों की समस्या स्कूल में शेष रहने से हल नहीं हुई थी। 18-वर्ष के केवल 40% लोग किसी दिए गए नंबर से 10% ले सकते हैं। उस प्रतिशत से अधिक भारत के नक्शे पर अपने राज्य का पता नहीं लगा सके। 14-वर्ष के बच्चों के सत्ताईस प्रतिशत, और 18-वर्ष के 21% बच्चे क्षेत्रीय भाषा में एक कक्षा II की पाठ्यपुस्तक नहीं पढ़ सकते थे, और प्रत्येक आयु वर्ग में 40% से अधिक अंग्रेजी में एक साधारण वाक्य नहीं पढ़ सकते थे। 

rural-schools

    जब रोजगार की तलाश का समय आता है, तो इस जर्जर तरीके से प्रशिक्षित युवा क्या खोजने जाते हैं  वे कम गुणवत्ता वाले ग्रामीण स्कूलों में भाग लेने के वर्षों से जमा हुए शिक्षण घाटे को कैसे कवर करने जा रहे हैं.

ग्रामीण अर्थव्यवस्था के धर्मनिरपेक्ष पतन के साथ, इस विश्वास ने जमीन हासिल कर ली है कि शिक्षा खेत से बाहर की ओर पथरीली और अनिश्चित आजीविका का मार्ग होगी। इस उम्मीद से प्रेरित होकर ग्रामीण बच्चों ने स्कूलों में पढ़ाई की है। उनमें से ज्यादातर पहली पीढ़ी के शिक्षार्थी हैं। यह एक बहुत बड़ा सामाजिक प्रयोग है जिसमें देश भर के ग्रामीण माता-पिता ने भारी निवेश किया है, जिससे उनके बच्चे उस उम्र से आगे की पढ़ाई करते हैं, जब वे स्वयं कार्यबल में शामिल हुए थे।



जल्द ही, हालांकि, यह युवा पीढ़ी उच्च विद्यालयों और महाविद्यालयों से स्नातक की उपाधि प्राप्त करेगी- और फिर वे पाएंगे कि बहुत कम अच्छी नौकरियां हैं। यह एक आपदा होने की प्रतीक्षा कर रहा है, एक चट्टान जिसमें से कई गिर जाएंगे।

शिक्षा के खिलाफ प्रतिक्रिया कोने के आसपास है। "जब मेरा पहला जन्म उनकी 16 साल की शिक्षा के लिए नहीं बन पाया," एक माता-पिता तर्क दे सकते हैं, "मुझे अपने दूसरे जन्म की शिक्षा पर समय और पैसा क्यों बर्बाद करना चाहिए?" क्षितिज" पर बड़े पैमाने पर निराशा के साथ, शिक्षा की बढ़ती प्रवृत्ति गिरने वाली है।
ग्रामीण स्कूलों में शिक्षा की गुणवत्ता को बढ़ाना आवश्यक है, और आगे बढ़ने के लिए देशव्यापी संवाद आवश्यक है। व्यापार-के-सामान्य समस्या को ठीक नहीं करेगा। सरकारी प्रणाली का निजीकरण एक व्यवहार्य समाधान नहीं है, या तो। शिक्षा का बाजार उन स्थितियों में खराब प्रदर्शन करता है जहां सूचना प्रवाह विरल है और प्रतिस्पर्धा सीमित या अस्तित्वहीन है। ग्रामीण निजी स्कूल सीखने के परिणामों के मामले में ग्रामीण पब्लिक स्कूलों से बेहतर प्रदर्शन नहीं करते हैं।

आवश्यक समस्या टूटी हुई शासन प्रणाली में से एक है। एक अच्छा शिक्षक होने के लिए कुछ पुरस्कार हैं और कुछ लापरवाह होने के लिए कुछ दंड हैं। यह दोषपूर्ण डिजाइनों के कारण होता है जिनकी मरम्मत या बदलने की आवश्यकता होती है और अधिक प्रभावी और जवाबदेह शासन प्रणाली होती है।

वर्तमान में भारत में एक उच्च रेजिमेंटेड और टॉप-डाउन सिस्टम को दूसरे को रास्ता देने की आवश्यकता है जिसमें शिक्षक कक्षा में अभिनव हैं और माता-पिता सह-निर्णय-निर्माता के रूप में शामिल हैं। राज्य सरकारों और गैर-सरकारी संगठनों द्वारा विकसित उल्लेखनीय छोटे पैमाने के नवाचार सामाजिक नवाचार की बड़ी क्षमता का संकेत प्रदान करते हैं। इन सुधार प्रयासों को व्यापक और तेजी से आवश्यक सार्वजनिक बातचीत के लिए शुरुआती बिंदुओं के रूप में काम करना चाहिए।


Sunday, March 22, 2020

education in rural areas

education in rural areas


The Indian education system has changed over time. A major change in our education system came with the colonization of the country by the British. The need to reform and reorganize our education system has been felt many times. However, no concrete steps have been taken in this direction so far.
The Indian education system  In Western countries the syllabus is considered to be quite light and based on practical knowledge, while in India the focus is on theoretical knowledge and rote scores.
Rural-education

      Students are expected to read all the chapters and bring good grades in the classroom. The competition is increasing day by day. Parents want their children to perform better than their peers and teachers want their class to do better than other classes.
The urge to stay ahead of the competition makes them so blind that they don't even realize that they are pushing children in the wrong direction. At an age when students should be given the opportunity to explore their interests and improve their creative side, they are pressured to follow a set curriculum and do one day and night to get good marks. goes.
      Instead of understanding the various concepts of Mathematics, Physics, and other subjects, students are given the full focus on learning the chapter. Therefore, the basis of the Indian education system is very unfair.
Indian education system-
       The Indian education system has seen quite a few changes since its inception. 
      The Indian education system went back to many centuries. From ancient times, children were sent to teachers to learn lessons on various subjects and to add value to their lives and to make them efficient to lead self-reliant lives. During ancient times, gurukuls were established in different parts of the country.

Rural-education

       Children used to go to Gurukul to get an education. He stayed in his ashram with his guru (teacher) until he completed his education.
     As the British colonized India, the Gurukul system began to erode as the British established schools that followed a separate education system. The subjects taught in these schools were quite different from the subjects taught in Gurukuls and study sessions were conducted in a similar way.
 This was not a very good chance-
      The students. Educomp Smart classrooms have been introduced in schools.
    These classes have brought about a positive change. Unlike earlier times when students only learned from books, they now see their lessons on a large widescreen installed in their classroom rooms. This makes the learning experience interesting and helps students understand better.
      Apart from this, many extra-curricular activities are also being started by the schools for the all-round development of the students.
Merits and demerits of the Indian education system-
      Teachers do not bother if students understand the concept or not, they all see what marks they have got
Discipline-
Schools in India are very particular about their timing, time table, ethical code, marking system, and study schedule. Students are required to follow the rules set by the school otherwise they are punished. 
Defects of the Indian education system-
     There are many problems in the Indian education system that hinder the proper growth and development of an individual. Students' intelligence is judged from a three-hour paper, not its practical abilities. Its rote ability is appreciated.
    In such a scenario, learning the lesson becomes the sole objective of the students to get good marks. They are not able to think beyond it. They do not think of understanding concepts or increasing their knowledge, they only try to learn ways to get good marks and beyond that their thinking does not work.
  No importance is given to practical education. Our education system encourages students to become bookworms and does not prepare them to deal with the real problems and challenges of life.
Such importance is given to academics that the need to involve students in sports and art activities are ignored. Along with studies, students are also dominating. Regular exams are conducted and students are examined at every step. This creates intense tension in the students. When they go to higher classes, students' stress levels keep increasing.

Preface-

    The Indian education system is one of the oldest education systems worldwide. It is unfortunate that with the changing times and technological advancements there have been major changes in the education systems of other nations, but we are still stuck with the old and worldly system. Neither our system has seen any major change in the curriculum nor has there been any significant change in the way education is provided.



Tuesday, March 10, 2020

Rural Education - Yoga in Rural Students

Rural Education
 Yoga in Rural Students


     Yoga, which has been in circulation for more than ten thousand years, is found in the Rigveda, the oldest living literature. Various physical exercises are mentioned in the oldest Upanishads. 
Yoga-Rural

In yoga, it is necessary to emphasize both physical and mental aspects. Asanas are necessary for the purification of the body and purification of the mind. Physical exercise of yoga is beneficial for all, old or young, healthy or weak and it leads everyone to progress. Talking about its main purpose, it keeps your mind and brain stable and helps to protect us from diseases, due to which we live a healthy lifestyle.

When yoga is so beneficial, we must also teach our children to do it. They should be taught the importance of yoga. This brings stability in the minds and minds of children and they can also concentrate on their studies. The whole world has accepted the miracle of yoga, that is why yoga education has been made compulsory in different countries of the world. Seeing the effect of yoga, physicians and scientists today recommend the practice of yoga. Yoga is very important for student life.
Yoga-Rural

To increase interest in studies: For those students who do not have an interest in studies or do not remember even after studying, the yoga process works like a miracle for those students. Doing yoga in the morning improves the concentration and memory power of the students. This keeps the body, body healthy and healthy and the children are the toppers in all fields. The continuous practice of yoga strengthens the students' learning spirit.

Brain enhancement: By practicing yoga regularly, your brain becomes powerful and balanced. By the way, there are many types of tonics available in the market to sharpen the mind, they do not show any effect. But yoga is a natural tool that has no match. Along with doing yoga, having a proper diet can increase the mind of the students. 

Freedom from Drugs: Nowadays, a lot of enthusiasm is seen in the younger generation about drugs and they get used to it. Which are very harmful to their health. Continuous practice of yoga can get rid of these wrong habits.

     Achievement of goal: Those who are unable to reach their destination and if they want to achieve the goal in life, then they should practice yoga. Students can increase their thought power by purifying their brains on the strength of yoga, which helps students in achieving goals. Children who do yoga from the beginning inspire others by their behavior and actions and make them aware. With the help of yoga, children are able to recognize their goals quickly and are able to succeed in them.
Yoga-Rural

Now you can understand why yoga education is so important in school. In today's time, most of the students and students are not only physically but mentally unwell. Due to which education cannot develop in them.

Rural education In India

Calss 5th Maths Test

Calss 5th Maths Test कक्षा 5 की गणित के 10 रोचक प्रश्न हर प्रश्न के 2 अंक निर्धारित हैं Test- प्रश्नो के उत्तर देने क...

google