The Education System in India


The Education System in India

The Education System in India

Indian education system-
         With over 13,00,000+ schools and over 315 million enrollments in the Indian education system, India has the largest education system in the world. Due to educational reforms since the 80s, pre-school and primary schools have been made available to all children in India.

        According to the Right to Education Act 2009, schooling is free and compulsory for all children in the age group of 6 to 14 years. Most schools in India pay attention to academics and pay less attention to extra-curricular activities. The Indian education system follows a 10 + 2 + 3 pattern.

Essay on Indian education system-

      Education is not compulsory at this level, but it is very popular in urban and semi-urban areas. Youth Montessori schools or sports schools have been opened for children up to the age of 3 years. The preschool system has been further divided into playschools and kindergartens.

primary school-

      Primary education is compulsory for all children in India. One to fifth-grade children in the age group of 6 to 14 years is in the primary education system of India.

The pre-secondary school-(Middle school)-

     11 to 14-year-olds are placed under the middle school, who fall between sixth to eighth grade.

Secondary school-

     Secondary schools are designed for children in the age group of 16 to 17, from ninth to tenth grade.

Higher Secondary School-

    It is also popular in India under the name 10 + 2. In this, students choose their specific field of study (science, commerce, arts). Students at this level typically belong to the age group of 16 and 18 years.

Apex body- (Supreme organization)-

      The NCERT or National Council of Educational Research and Training is the main body for all courses. The curriculum bodies, that govern the school education system are.

Central Board of Secondary Education-(CBSE)-

     There are currently 20,262+ schools under CBSE. CBSE is recognized by the Government of India and all universities and colleges in India. All Kendriya Vidyalayas or Kendriya Vidyalayas are affiliated to CBSE.

Council for School Certificate Examinations of India-(CISCE)-

       The private, board of education in India. Conducts ICSE exams for class X and SSC exams for class 12. About 1,900 schools belong to the CISCE Board.

State government board-

     All states have their educational boards, which are regulated and supervised by the state governments. Many Indian schools belong to various state boards, the oldest UP board was established in 1922. Some of the other popular state boards are Maharashtra State Board, West Bengal State Board, Madhya Pradesh, and Andhra Pradesh.

National Open Schooling Institute-(NIOS)-

      Established by the Ministry of Human Resource Development, it is a board for distance education. It provides, affordable but quality education, in rural areas. There are currently 3,827 educational centers, 1,830 vocational centers, and 690 accredited agencies under NIOS.

Higher education in India-

     After completing class 12 or higher secondary examinations, students are admitted to various colleges and institutes to obtain a bachelor's degree. He has the option of choosing the main subject of his choice, in which he can choose subjects like Science, Arts or Commerce or Engineering, Law or Medicine.

      The main institution of higher education in India is UGC or the University Grants Commission. As of 2011-12, there were 152, Central Universities, 191, Private Universities and 316, State Universities.
     This medicine is on science and technology, so there are many technical institutes in India which have admission through general entrance examinations.

Technical education in India-

      Technical education in India is regulated by AICTE, which was enacted in 1987 through an Act of Parliament. The main institutes providing the world's technical services in the field of technology in India are Indian Institute of Technology, Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology, National Institute of Technology and Indian Institute of Information Technology, Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Petroleum Technology.

Distance education in India-

      Indira Gandhi National Open University or IGNOU coordinates distance education at the higher education level. The District Education Council (DEC), an official of IGNOU, is coordinating correspondence courses at 13 state open universities and traditional universities of 119 institutes. 

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