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Tuesday, January 7, 2020

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Monday, January 6, 2020

12th Bio model question paper 2020 PDF

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Thursday, January 2, 2020

problems of primary education at the rural aria


Condition and direction of school education in rural India-


The situation of schooling in rural India is worrisome

What is in this report-
In this report, based on a survey of nearly three and a half million rural households and 16,000 schools in 596 districts across the country, the data on the access, achievement and basic needs of the schools in primary schools has been prepared.
These figures give some important trends about the interaction of school education with individuals and society.
According to the report, positive growth has been recorded in schools such as enrollment and infrastructure, but the poor condition of students in skills like reading and counting raises questions about the process and impact of schooling.


Change-
The meaningful changes seen in rural areas are the result of the implementation of the Right to Education Act on the ground. This is the reason that almost all government schools have recorded an increase in enrollment. These figures are encouraging, but it would not be appropriate to draw any conclusions about the reality of primary education in villages.

  • The enrollment of children in the age group of six to 14 years is about 95%.
  • The percentage of out-of-school girls between 11 and 14 years of age is only 4.1.
  • In contrast, enrollment figures in private schools ranged between 30–31% between 2014 and 2018.
Enrollment in government schools due to increase in the number of schools, appointment, and training of teachers, improvement in basic facilities like toilets and playgrounds and initiatives to bring children to school since 2009 Right to Education Act Increased
But even today the enrollment percentage of children in one-fourth of government schools is 60 and below. This includes children who are unable to go to school if they do not get the right to free and compulsory education and whose families cannot bear the economic burden of education and who help elders in domestic and agricultural work in exchange for an education.



rural-education

  • It has also been revealed in this report that what is the condition of the achievement of the children coming to primary schools.
  • In the year 2008, about 85% of the students studying in class VIII could read only the book of class 2, while in 2018 their number has come down to about 73%.
  • In the year 2018 survey, only 44% of eighth-grade children were able to solve the question of dividing by one digit into three digits, while in the year 2012 this figure was 48%.

Children in private schools are better-

Children in private schools are better than children in government schools in terms of children's educational achievement.
The 2018 statistics show that the percentage of children of Class V who possess Class 2 reading skills is 44 in government schools and 66 in private schools.
In its favor, the logic of infrastructure of private schools, monitoring of teachers and dedicated management is not enough. It is sure that the parents of the children of private schools can afford education. Children are gaining skills due to learning both at home and at school On the other hand, private schools in villages are not as comfortable as urban private schools. They charge low fees and are equipped with simple resources. It is lacking in the context of children and parents of government schools.


Cultural difference is also a big reason-

In addition, there is a cultural difference in children's achievement and learning that becomes active before admission to the school. The right to education is also unable to bridge this cultural gap. Here the fact has to be kept in mind that as soon as the parents of the children studying in the private school of the village get a chance. They get their child admitted to the city school. Therefore, India is becoming such a geographical unit, where there is a deep gap in the process and outcome of the education rights in villages in terms of equality and quality of educational opportunities. Wealth and poverty are not the only reasons. Gender, caste, region, language, and religion are also joining them to create a complex structure that is promoting it.
Today, in the situation of villages in the country's economy, it is clear that in terms of employment and livelihood, the villages are not able to stop the people. There is continuous migration of large populations from the villages. When this population goes outside the village, then there will be a crowd of people in the city who need jobs.
But they do not have the capacity to meet the employment conditions of the modern economy. The children who participated in ASAR-2018 and whose achievement statistics emphasize the possibility of their failure in the future are moving away from the goal of self-reliance, as literacy-intensive jobs are currently more available.
rural-education

Major problems of primary education at the rural level-
  • Even today there are rural schools where even basic facilities like rooms and desk-benches are not fully available.
  • In many schools, children are seen sitting under the verandahs and trees. During the summer season, children also have to wander for drinking water.
  • Toilets have been built in schools, but due to lack of water, it becomes difficult to maintain cleanliness in them.
  • Under the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, there is a provision to make books available to children free of cost, but there is no better situation in this direction. Even after three months of the commencement of the education session, children studying in first to the eighth grade could not get textbooks.
  • The modalities of mid-day meal operations in rural schools are also questioned. A lot of teachers' time is wasted in feeding children in schools. The lack of a concrete plan for the implementation of the mid-day meal scheme at the official level is a major deadlock.
  • There are many rural schools in the country where Educet equipment has been installed with the aim of providing better education to children. But these devices installed at a huge cost have become a mere showpiece in most schools.
  • The image of rural government schools has become that of the children of poor and illiterate children, who are completely dependent on the mercy of teachers.
  • Even today a large part of the education budget is spent on teachers' salaries and administration in schools. Yet India has the largest number of teachers taking leave without permission in the world.
  • It is often seen in rural schools that teachers do not come and one in four government schools has some teachers on leave every day.
Education is placed in the concurrent list in the constitution and its main responsibility is on the states. In such a situation, it is necessary that all the states solve their challenges according to their circumstances in their own way. It has happened and different results came out In states where the development of school education was done better, the education-related challenges of poor children were given priority. But even today the situation is that at the primary and secondary level a large part of the middle class sends their children to private schools to get English education.

Rural Aria Compulsory Education-
  •  The constitution is promised free and compulsory education. The target of completing it in ten years was also set, which could not be met.
  • All children should go to school and everyone should get quality education… These are not two streams but mutually related and unavoidable conditions. One cannot be satisfied by completing any of these.
  • Children's failure cannot be blamed only for the institutional reasons for school. Blame is often attributed to a lack of resources and an inefficient attitude of teachers. But it is also certain that the solution to this problem cannot be found by just blaming them.
  • The solution to this problem is that instead of doubting the teachers and monitoring their actions, trust them and steps should be taken to make them competent and efficient.
  • In addition to reducing the burden of the curriculum, changes in the policy of pass-fail or the plethora of resources on the pretext of child-centered education, one has to consider how to reduce the gap between village and city in the education process.
In order to raise the educational level in rural areas, the standard of primary education will have to be increased. But neither the public representatives nor the officials of the education department show enough interest in this direction. Despite providing many facilities from the government, there is not much change in the situation on the ground.


Saturday, December 28, 2019

Importance of education in rural areas


   Rural school means-
                Rural school means. Under the Act, Rural Education the Govt has enacted the Right to Education Act. to open schools from Rural Education classes 1 to 5.

rural-education-areas

The condition of rural education in India is very critical, the government continues to practice day-to-day education.
Due to which the situation of education is fragile.
The condition of education in rural areas is not satisfactory even in this revolutionary period of education. It is our misfortune that while the whole world is touching the sky-high in the field of education, the condition of education in the rural areas of our country is still worrying.
Revolutionary change in the education of rural areas. However, the government is doing everything possible to fully educate our country which is commendable. Its effect is also seen in rural areas. But its result is still insufficient in rural areas. Let's discuss in detail the importance, problem, solution, and impact of this.


Importance of education in rural areas-
          Our country is an agricultural country and rural areas are mostly dependent on agriculture. If the people of rural areas will be educated, then they will be able to strengthen their economic condition by using the new technology of agriculture. Will be able to serve our country not only in the field of agriculture but in every field
If people from rural areas get higher education and become doctors, then they will be able to serve the society and country by opening hospitals in their area. With which their economy will also improve. This will lead to the development of society and the country.
People can get higher education and serve society by setting up private schools in their own areas where there is a shortage of schools. This will improve the education situation in rural areas and people will also get employment.

Importance of education in rural politics-
         Education is also important in the politics of rural areas. If the head, ward members and the committee are educated, then they will be able to use the schemes of the government properly, and the public will be able to take advantage of it. Taking full advantage of the schemes, you will be able to fully develop your areas
If the sarpanch and his Panch Panchayat are educated, then they will be able to solve the social problems of the people easily by strengthening the legal system in their jurisdiction. With which people will be able to solve mutual conflicts and other problems easily.
If the Panchayati Raj officials are educated, then they will be able to use the schemes run by the government to improve the education situation.

Impact of education in rural areas-
          The economy of rural areas was mainly based on agriculture. Agriculture was being practiced here by traditional methods. In which labor was given priority. Women and men used to participate in the days. Being a labor-intensive lifestyle, people here did not give much importance to education. Due to which the condition of education in rural areas is not good.
After the formation of the new education policy in 1986, the government laid special emphasis on the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan. And carried out several campaigns. Which started showing a positive impact on society and people started accepting the importance of education.
rural-education-areas

Impact of education after migration to cities-
       Due to the economic condition of the rural areas, people had to leave the village for their livelihood and migrate to the cities. Seeing the educated atmosphere of the city, education had a great impact on the people coming from the village.
After seeing and understanding the lifestyle of educated people and the benefits of education, people realized that education is very important for human beings. After that, people in rural areas also started paying more attention to their children's education.
After taking the influence of education from the city, when people started getting their children educated, their lifestyle started changing. After seeing this, those people who were not going to the city were affected and those people also started focusing on the education of their children.


Wednesday, December 25, 2019

Education Program- Developing communities



Developing communities using education- 
         Vocational skills such as tailoring, computer training, and carpentry are also taught to senior students for the purpose of girls' education and women empowerment and students are also encouraged to pursue secondary education.

Alumni meetings have recently been started with the aim of maintaining a relationship between the alumni and the school. Alumni share their experiences with other students to encourage them to pursue secondary education and pursue their mission.

Groups of alumni continue to hold regular meetings with parents and children to raise awareness about the importance of education.
 Education-Program

Stress-free-school-
        Uniforms, shoes, books, stationery, bus service, and mid-day meals are provided to the students to diagnose any reasons which may prevent the children from going to school. To ensure a healthy body and mind Creative activities such as yoga, meditation, sports and dance, music and painting are an essential part of the school curriculum.

       Children may face some negative effects in homes. The Art of Living program for children is organized regularly to address these potential negative effects of Art Excel students. External medical facilities and a mobile device Dispensaries have also been provided.

           In order to make students aware of the political system of the country and to fulfill them with leadership skills, a cabinet of students is organized which are chosen by the students themselves. Through this system, children are aware of the democratic system of Indian governance. We practically gain knowledge. This cabinet also handles the responsibility of running small classes and together The daily work of Yaly Yoga offers donation.

Free School Education Program-
           It was the first rural school established by Shri Ravi Shankar in 1971. It started when some local children were seen playing in the dust near the Art of Living Center. When finding that those children did not have access to education, then at that moment they decided to do something about it.

A local volunteer was appointed so that along with taking care of the children, giving them basic lessons in hygiene, teaching them educational games and feeding them one nutritious meal in the afternoon. This arrangement would be a great attraction for children and their parents. The center became one that continues until today. As the school has progressed, it has resulted in the formation of a formal educational institution and students and education. The number of duties has also increased.

 Education-Program


Monday, December 16, 2019

Education Or Business


Education Or Business -Student-India

    A person does not desist from going to any extent for his selfishness, just how he should be benefited financially and whether in a moral or ethical way. Take this situation in any field, whether it is in the field of education or health sector because if the facilities of our country or state are not well in both the areas, then our country or state will not be oriented towards development in the future.

The future of the country is fully related to the health of the people and education of the next generation. If the public is uneducated or patient then the all-round development of the future of the country will be a failure. For the past several decades, our governments have been making a lot of efforts to improve primary education and health services. But the results remain negligible.
Education-Business
Education-Business

The entire future of our country is the students of Phulwari and the new young generation of the country. If we do not take any important steps in the field of education and healthcare, reforms as soon as possible, tomorrow we can never be groomed, because the truth is bitter but later its fruit also seems to be happy. On the contrary, if both the above areas are quickly rectified by our central and state governments, then our India will soon be at the forefront of the developed countries.

Parents do not consider it appropriate to get their child admitted to government schools. Because the atmosphere of the government campus became such that it was no longer possible to get modern education. Even then, why not a government teacher has remained as a government servant only.

 The duty of government teachers ends in completing the registrar of nutrition or there is less enthusiasm for teaching children in government teachers, often seen somewhere.


Friday, December 6, 2019

Rural Education And rural development



Rural Education And Rural development

Rural development-
 Creating a new India by empowering villages is the main objective of the present government, which can be achieved only when efforts for good governance and development in the village are integrated and sustained. An important aspect of rural development is 'action'. Measurement of rural development, along with an increase in income level, increase in employment generation, it is necessary to see how much attention is being given to backward areas or backward people. Apart from this, how much participation is being made by poor societies and backward areas in their development or not.
Rural-development
Rural-development

 For the first time under the Saansad Adarsh   Gram Yojana, there is a provision to directly use the leadership, capacity, commitment and energy of MPs for development at the Gram Panchayat level. According to the scheme launched in October 2014, the developed 'Adarsh   Villages' will help promote health, sanitation, greenery, and harmony in the rural community. And these villages will inspire the neighboring Gram Panchayat by becoming 'school' of local development and governance. Similarly, under Mission Antyodaya, by 2022, 50,000-gram panchayats in 5,000 clusters are intended to be released from poverty.

The National Rural Livelihoods Mission, Grameen Kaushalya Yojana, and Indira Awaas Yojana have not been given any special price increase but only the names have been changed. National Rural Livelihoods Mission has been renamed Deendayal Upadhyaya Antyodaya Yojana - National Rural Livelihoods Mission. The name of Grameen Kaushal Yojana has been changed to Deendayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushal Yojana and Indira Awaas Yojana has been changed to Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana - Grameen.


The available statistics show that in the last four years, the average level of employment of families has not reached even 50 days.

Deen Dayal Upadhyay National Rural Livelihoods Mission is a program that creates self-employment opportunities for poor families by creating social capital in rural society. This program could not be more successful, because the fabric of the program was not the same in all states.

Rural development-

 The Rural development In order to give effect to various programs of rural development, there is a need to recruit a fair number of personnel at the 'supply-side' of the programs i.e. Gram Panchayat level and optimize the population by re-forming the Gram Panchayats. In fact, there is a need to implement the recommendations of Performance-Based Payment for Better Outcomes in Rural Development Programs, headed by Sumit Bose.



Rural education In India

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