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शनिवार, 17 जुलाई 2021

17 interesting things of August 15, you also know

15 August

15 अगस्त की 17 रोचक बातें, आप भी जानिए

17 interesting things of August 15, you also know

भारत में हम स्वतंत्रता दिवस को  राष्ट्रीय त्योहार के रूप में मनाते हैं। 15 अगस्त 1947 को अग्रेजो के ब्रिटिश साम्राज्य से भारतीय राष्ट्रीय स्वतंत्रता की वर्षगांठ का प्रतीक है। इतना ही नहीं इसके अलावा, यह भारत के लोगों के लिए सबसे शुभ दिन है क्योंकि बहादुर भारतीय स्वतंत्रता संग्राम सेनानियों के बलिदानों के बाद भारत स्वतंत्र हुआ 

In India, we celebrate Independence Day as a national festival. 15 August 1947 marks the anniversary of Indian national independence from the British Empire. Not only moreover, but it is also the most auspicious day for the people of India because India became independent after the sacrifices of the brave Indian freedom fighters.

15 August images


1 The independence movement of India was led by Mahatma Gandhi. But when the country got independence on 15 August 1947, he did not participate in its celebration.


2. Mahatma Gandhi was on that day in Noakhali, Bengal, thousands of kilometers from Delhi, where he was fasting to stop the communal violence between Hindus and Muslims.


3. When it was decided that India would be independent on 15th August, Jawaharlal Nehru and Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel sent a letter to Mahatma Gandhi. It was written in this letter, 'August 15 will be our first Independence Day. You are the father of the nation, join this and give your blessings.'


4. Gandhiji sent a reply to this letter, 'When Hindus and Muslims are killing each other in Calcutta, how can I come to celebrate? I will give my life to stop the riots.


5. Jawaharlal Nehru's historic speech 'Try with Destiny' was delivered from the Viceroy's Lodge (present Rashtrapati Bhavan) on the midnight of 14th August.


6. Then Nehru did not become the Prime Minister. The whole world heard this speech, but Gandhi had gone to sleep at 9 o'clock that day.


7. On 15 August 1947, Lord Mountbatten worked in his office. In the afternoon, Nehru handed over the list of his cabinet to him and later addressed a gathering at the Princess Garden near India Gate.


8. On every Independence Day, the Indian Prime Minister hoists the flag from the Red Fort, but this did not happen on 15 August 1947. According to a research paper of the Lok Sabha Secretariat, Nehru hoisted the flag from the Red Fort on 16 August 1947.


9. According to Campbell Johnson, the press secretary of Lord Mountbatten, the then Viceroy of India, the second anniversary of Japan's surrender to the Allied forces was falling on 15 August, due to which it was decided to liberate India on this day.


10. The boundary line between India and Pakistan was not determined till 15th August. This was decided on 17 August by the announcement of the Radcliffe Line, which demarcated the boundaries of India and Pakistan.


1. India got independence on 15th August but at that time it did not have any national anthem, although Rabindranath Tagore had written 'Jana-Gana-Mana' in 1911 itself, this national anthem was made only in 1950.


12. 15 August is the independence day of 3 other countries apart from India – South Korea got independence from Japan on 15 August 1945. Bahrain gained independence from Britain on 15 August 1971 and France declared Congo independent on 15 August 1960.


13. Panama City was created on 15 August 1519.


14. On 15 August 1772, the East India Company decided to set up separate civil and criminal courts in different districts.


15. On 15 August 1854, the East India Railway ran the first passenger train from Calcutta (present-day Kolkata) to Hooghly, although its operation could officially start in 1855.


16. Maharishi Aurobindo Ghosh, who was involved in the independence of India from the British Raj, was born on 15 August 1872.


17. On August 15, 1950, there was a severe earthquake in Assam, due to which about 1,500 to 3,000 people died here due to the earthquake.


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